Book Collector

Story of Swedish Western Dime Novels

FORWORD

Texas Jack Sitting Bull Buffalo Bill

lot of 7. All published by Beadle & Adams, New York. Includes: By William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody: Death Trailer, the Chief of Scouts; or Life and Love in a Frontier Fort. Vol. IV, No. 52, 1878. The Pilgrim Sharp; or, the Soldier's Sweetheart, a True Story of the Overland Trail. Vol. XIX, No. 243, 1888. The One-Arm Pard; or, Red Retribution in Borderland. Vol. XXXI, No. 401, 1886. The Gold King; or, Montebello, the Magnificent. Vol. L, No. 639, 1891. By Colonel Prentiss Ingraham: Gold Spur, the Gentleman from Texas; or, the Child of the Regiment. Vol. XII, No. 147, 1881. Buffalo Bill's Buckskin Brotherhood; or, Opening up a Lost Trail. Vol. LIV, No. 697, 1892. Buffalo Bill's Double; or, the Desperado Detectives. Vol LIX, No. 757, 1898. The "Dime Novel" genre is generally accepted as beginning with Irwin Beadle's publication in 1860 of Ann Stephens' "Malaeska: The Indian Wife of the White Hunter." This was not a new story, but based on one Stephens had serialized in Ladies' Companion magazine. The stories were usually melodramatic and exciting, and into the 1880s increasingly "bloody." Toward the end of the century (1890s), the stories became lurid (for the day), at which point they are generally referred to as "pulp fiction." In the early days, particularly, the characters usually embodied American values: self-reliance, individuality, patriotism. This genre became so popular so quickly that they were written quickly and increasingly poorly, turning "dime novel" into a pejorative term for cheap, sensational fiction. And, unfortunately for collectors, these were cheaply printed on high-acid paper (they weren't intended to be handed down to the grandchildren!) and many that survived the travails of time, firestarting and bird cages are in poor condition. Many popular authors of the day, including Upton Sinclair, and popular figures such as Buffalo Bill, Colonel Ingraham, and Ned Buntline wrote these. Some of the most popular stories were probably the Nick Carter and Deadwood Dick series. For all their shortcomings, however, the "descendants" of the genre make up a major influence in our culture today: mass market paperbacks, comic books, even some television shows, such as soap operas, have been suggested as relatives of this medium. It also influenced the format of many magazines, especially those targeting young males, which usually included short stories in a similar vein. (EST $150-$300) 1869 Buffalo Bill, the King of the Border Men. Writing as "Ned Buntline," Judson produces the first of many dime novels celebrating the exploits of William F. Cody, whom Judson had met on a trip west and named "Buffalo Bill." Judson would later write a play about Buffalo Bill, The Scouts of the Plain (1873), starring Cody as himself and launching Cody's career as an entertainer. 1873 The Scouts of the Plain. Under the name "Ned Buntline," Judson writes this western melodrama to capitalize on the notoriety of frontiersman William F. Cody, whom Judson had named "Buffalo Bill" in 1869 and celebrated in dime novels. Buntline, Ned (bunt'lin, -lin), pseud. of Edward Zane Carroll Judson, 1823-86, American adventurer and writer. In 1845 he founded in Nashville Ned Buntline's Own, a sensational magazine. After being lynched (1846) for a murder, but secretly cut down alive and released, he went to New York City, where he resumed the magazine. He led a mob in the Astor Place riot of 1849 against the English actor Macready. In the 1850s he turned up in St. Louis as an organizer of the Know-Nothing movement. After 1846 Buntline wrote more than 400 action novels, forerunners of the dime novels. Typical are The Mysteries and Miseries of New York (1848) and Stella Delorme; or, The Comanche's Dream (1860). In 1872 he persuaded W. F. Cody (Buffalo Bill) to act in his play, The Scouts of the Plains, which started Cody on his stage career.

Texas Jack

American dime-Novels stories telling the adventures of Texas Jack were based very loosely on the life of Jack Burwell "Texas Jack" Omohundro, a friend of Buffalo Bill and member of Buffalo Bill´s (William F. Cody) and Wild Bill´s (James B. Hickok) Wild West Circus. Omohundro died at young age. He was only 33-years old.

American Stories

Tähän jotakin Congricht & Rimmer -teoksesta.

German Stories

German dime novel series titled Texas Jack started in 1906 published by Verlagshaus für Volkslitteratur und Kunst in Berlin. This series was publihed 215 issues and it ended 1911. It was reprinted as Die Grosse Kundschafter in 1911 by Gustaf Müller under license from original publisher. By Müller 100 issues were published. Series was later published as Texas Jack. Der Grosse Kundscahfter in 1930-1932 total of 120 issues. And finally as Texas Jack. Der Grosse Kundscahfter. Neue Folge in 1932-1934.

Vihkotarinoiden Texas Jack on Jack Omohundro, mutta useimmiten hänestä tarinoissa puhutaan Jack Hawkinsina. Vihkotarinoissa Jack oli jäänyt nuorena orvoksi ja tullut kasvatiksi Hawkinsin perheeseen. ”Kumpaisetkin ovat nimiäni. Amerikassa nimitetään minua Texas Jack´iksi, vastasi puhuteltu. ”Kuitenkin on Hawkins nimi minulle aina rakkaampi, koska se muistuttaa minulle lapsuudestani ja niistä hyvistä ihmisistä, jotka minut ovat kasvattaneet, vaikk´en ollut heidän poikansa.” (Ylimääräisen junan salaisuus). Tosin Jack lopulta löytää oikean isänsä, joka ei ollutkaan kuollut, kuten saksalaisen sarjan n:ossa 15 ”Wie Texas Jack Sein Vater fand” kerrotaan. In these german stories we was much more a scout than a cowboy, with an emphasis on exploration and finding new places and peoples rather than rounding up them doggies and such-like. Some of the stories took Jack into Maximilian's Mexico, with the French soldiers in Mexico being the villains. Others...well, as with most of the German cowboys, he did a fair number of exotic acts, fighting opium smugglers and the like around the Americas.[Nevins]

Jack Hawkins kuitenkin tunnettiin rajamailla ja idässäkin yleisemmin kuitenkin Texas Jackin nimellä. Yhdessä uskollisen ratsunsa Jumperin (ei sentään Jolly Jumperin), kanssa Texas Jack pelastaa valkoisia uudisasukkaita ja kullankaivajia verenhimoisten intiaanien, röyhkeiden rosvoliigojen ja vaarallisten mormoonien kynsistä. Uuden ratsun saa tosin Jacck Hawkins etsiä, sillä Jumper kuolee alkuperäisen saksalaisen sarjan vihkossa n:o 33, ”Jumpers Tot”. Konna nimeltä Grover Wilkins ampuu sen kostoksi. Sittemmin lännensankarimme ratsasteli seikkailuihinsa uudella lempihevosellaan, Tornado-nimisellä ratsulla.

German series:
Texas Jack (1906-1911, issues 1-215)
Der Grosse Kundschafter (The Great Scout, 1911-1912, issues #1-100)
Texas Jack, Der Große Kundschafter (Texas Jack, the Great Scout, 1930-1932, issues #1-120)
Texas Jack, Der Große Kundschafter. Neue Folge (Texas Jack, the Great Scout, New Series, 1932-1934, issues #1-75).

Frence series:
Texas Jack, la Terreur Des Indiens (Texas Jack, the Terror of the Indians, 1907-1912, issues #1-270)

He also appeared in Sweden, Finland, Denmark (1909, and 1912-1918), Poland (1908), Holland (1935-1936), Portugal, Italy.

Some German Texas Jack -publications:

Texas Jack
Sweden:
Texas Jack. Amerikas mest berömde indianbekämpare (1906-1907, issues #1-29).
Stockholm: Svithiod Bokförlag.

01. En hjälte på sexton år [G1]
02. Korparne från San Francisco [G2]
03. Det röda spöket vid Fort Leaton [G3]
04. Blodbadet i Camp Lancaster.
05. Texas Jack som detektiv.
06. Commanchernas siste konung.
07. Guldgräfvarne från Arizona.
08. Trappern Ben Björnklos hemlighet.
09. Skalpen med det blonda kvinnohåret.
10. Den röda bruden.
11. Udda och jämt med döden.
12. Banditdrottningen.
13. Mormonens [?] hämnd [G12]
14. Hur Texas Jack fann sin fader
15. Milliontjufven från San Francisco
16. Ugglepasset
17. Bröllopet i Buena-Vista
18. Trojas ödeläggelse
19. Det hemlighetsfulla slottet i Mexiko
20. Texas Jack och Barnum
21. Indiantrohet
22. Svarta handen i Texas [G22]
23. Trollkarlen från Prescott-Park
24. I luftballong över Vilda Vestern
25. Striden med indianer under jorden
26. Hur Texas Jack fick sig en hustru
27. Dödsbrunnen
28. På jakt med Hagenbeck
29. Tre unga vildhjärnors äfventyr

Germany:
Texas Jack (1906-1911, issues #1-215)
Berlin: Verlagshaus für Volkslitteratur und Kunst.


01. Ein Held von sechzehn Jahren, 1906
02. Die Raben von San Francisco, 1906
03. Die Rose Gespenst von Fort Leason, 1906
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12. Die Rache der Mormonen
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22. Die Schwarze Hand von Texas
23
24
25. Die indianerschlach unter der Erde
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33. Der Schwarze Bob
34. Der Uberfall auf die Pasifik-Bahn

Sitting Bull

Sitting Bull, who was (very) loosely based on the real person, appeared in 180 issues of Sitting Bull, Der Letze Hauptling Der Sioux-Indianer (Sitting Bull, the Last Chief of the Sioux Indians) and in most of the 180 issues of Berühmte Indianerhäuptlinge (Famous Indian Chiefs), both running from 1906 to 1909. He was, in this series, a heroic character, quite the reverse of the usual portrayal of First Nations people in magazines like Texas Jack (see below). He appeared in France (see his entry in the French Heroes section for slightly more information), in Holland (1907), Sweden (1908), Norway (1915, for 144 issues), and Italy (see his entry in the Italian heroes section for slightly more information).[Nevins]
Sitting Bull. This heroic Sioux character first appeared in a German magazine in 1906 before appearing for over 60 issues in France beginning in 1908 in magazines like Sitting Bull, Sitting Bull, grand chef des Sioux (Sitting Bull, the Great Chief of the Sioux), and Les Chefs Indiens Celebre (Famous Indian Chiefs).

1906 Svithiod in Stockholm started to produce Sitting Bull - stories translated from German dime-novels, as instalment novels. These weekly booklets could be bound to covers provided by the publisher for free to all subscribers.

Some German Sitting Bull -publications:

Sweden:
Sitting Bull (1906-1907, issues #1-29)
Stockholm: Svithiod Bokförlag.


01. Första hämndtäget [G1]
02. En strid om gulddalen i Dimbergen [G2]
03. Sitting Bulls vita bison [G3]
04. De hemlighetsfulla squatterna [G4]
05. Demonens eldvatten [G6]
06. Det hemska blockhuset [G9]
07. Överhövdingens dödsritt [G7]
08. Präriens spökryttare [G4]
09. Spökklippornas drottning [G10]
10. Den försvunna utvandrarekaravanen [G11]
11. Tempelkullens hemlighet [G12]
12. I de dödas dal [G13]

Germany:
Sitting Bull, Der Letze Hauptling Der Sioux-Indianer (1906-1909, issues #1-???).
Berlin: Verlagshaus für Volkslitteratur und Kunst.

01. Der erste Rachezug, 1906
02. Ein Kampf ums Goldtal in den Nebelbergen, 1906
03. Sitting Bulls weisser Bison, 1906
04. Der Geisterreiter der Prärien, ????.
05. Die geheimnisvollen Squatter vom Powder-River, 1906
06. Dämon Feuerwasser, 1906
07. Der Todesritt des Oberhäuptlings, ????
08. Der Angriff auf Fort Lincoln
09. Das unheimliche Blockhaus, ????
10. Die Fürstin der Gespensterklippen, ????
11. Die verschollene Auswandererkarawane, ????
12. Das Geheimnis des Tempelhügels, ????
13. Sitting Bull im Tal der Toten, ????
14. Die Skalpjäger vom Platte-River
15. Der Indianer-Agent von Standing Rock
16. An der Indianergrenze
17. Das weisse Ross der Prärie
18. Die Nachtgespenster von Deadwood-Valley
19. Die Fahne von Fort Devils-Hill

Buffalo Bill

This Western hero, very lightly based on the historical personage, appeared in a number of German magazines, including Buffalo Bill, der Held des Wilden Westerns (Buffalo Bill, the Hero of the Wild Westerns) #1-386 (1905-1912) and #1-123 (1930-1933). He was very much the quintessential German cowboy hero, ranging all over the United States and the Americas, North and South, fighting Aztecs, evil Indians, evil American cowboys and Easterners, making various Indian friends, and generally do-gooding.[Nevins]

Some American Buffalo Bill -publications:

Some British Buffalo Bill -publications:

Some German Buffalo Bill -publications:

Sweden:
Svithiod Bokförlag, 1906-1907

01. Buffalo Bills dödsritt genom det fientliga lägret. 1906.
02. Buffalo Bills beridna skarpskyttar.
03. Buffalo Bills oförvägna kamrater.
04. Buffalo Bills okände bundsförvant.
05. Buffalo Bill och de djärfva gränsboarne.
06. Buffalo Bill i dödsfara eller Snokögas ljudlösa signal.
07. Buffalo Bills flodfribytare.
08. Buffalo Bills vågsamma ridt.
09. Buffalo Bill vaktare öfver guldtransporterna.
10. Buffalo Bill, västerns hjälte.
11. Buffalo Bills präriepoliskår. 1907.
12. Buffalo Bills andepil.
13. Den försvunna höglandsposten.
14. Buffalo Bills bundsförvanter.
15. Buffalo Bills hemliga mission.
16. Buffalo Bill löser dödsschaktets gåta.
17. Buffalo Bill gränskonungen.
18. Buffalo Bills segertåg.
19. Buffalo Bill och drottningen i guldschaktet.

Germany:
A. Eichler, 1906.

Svithiod´s ´Vilda västern´

Among the very first publishers to bring western-fiction to readers in Sweden was Publishing House Svithiod in Stockholm. Their ´Vilda västern´ -series began March 1900. Series contained mostly works of German authors. Stories were illustrated by Emil Åberg and L. Djungdahl. Some of these were reprints of books published by A. Johnson. in his Ungdomsbiblioteket-series.

1906 Svithiod in Stockholm started to produce Buffalo Bill -, Texas Jack - , and Sitting Bull - stories as instalment novels. These weekly booklets could be bound to cloath-covers provided by the publisher for free to all subscribers. All these seems to be translations of German publications. Swedish series does not follow the Germans series in publication order. These weekly booklets could be bound to covers provided by the publisher for free to all subscribers. Later individual stories were published as a separate publications. Books were published in many various appearance: cover with Buffalo Bill´s portrait or Buffalo Bill sitting on his horse or with illustration depicting a scenw from the story by swedish artist.

Only Buffalo Bill -stories by Högberg (and E. Lindenstein) has not been translated from German series. Those have to be translations of the original American dime novels, but I have not been able to find any that could fit to swedish story-titles.

1906 German publisher-giant A. Eichler in Dresden started to deliver their productions to Sweden via company called ´Nick Carter förlag´. Booklets were printed in Germany by Eichler.

Eftersom häftena enbart distribuerades av ´Nick Carter förlagä i Malmö och inte trycktes i Sverige finns de inte färtecknade i Svensk bokkatalog och är helt okända idag. Dessutom är de mycket sällsynta då de verkligen lästes sönder och samman av en hängiven ungdomlig läsekrets. Till råga på allt brändes ett antal på verkliga bokbål kring 1910 då kampen mot ´smutslitteraturen´, som den kallades, var som intensivast i Sverige!

1907 swedish publisher E. Lindensteins Bokförlag in Stockholm (Dalagatan 7) started competiting with Swithiod with their own publication of Buffalo Bill -instalment novels. Two different versions of the booklets were published: 1-booklet edition and double-booklet edition. For this series free covers were also provided by publisher to all subscribers of the series. Three covers were produced for the series.

Appearently Högberg did not print their own booklets, but instead bought old stock from E. Lindensteins Bokförlag 1907, and repackaged old instalment novel-booklets into new covers. Also series of slimmer books were published.

All Chelius-editions appears to be a reprints of the Svithiod-edition. Chelius has used exactly same translation in their publications.
NORDQVIST anger utgivningstiden för Cheliusupplagan till 1922-25, men troligen är 1922 det korrekta.

Page 2 - Swedish Texas Jack Publications

Page 3 - Swedish Sitting Bull Publications

Page 4 - Swedish Buffalo Bill Publications

SOURCES:

  • Jansson, Staffan: Indianböcker i Sverige fiktion och fakta : en bibliografi av Staffan Jansson / The native american in swedish prints 1675-2002 - facts and fiction : a bibliography. - http://lingonline.jonkoping.se/Bibliografi/
  • Nevins, Jess: The Pulp Heroes - G. - http://www.reocities.com/jjnevins/pulpsg.html
  • Johannsen, Albert (1950). The House of Beadle and Adams and Its Dime and Nickel Novels: The Story of a Vanished Literature. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.- http://www.ulib.niu.edu/badndp/judson_edward.html
  • Some pictures taken from Flicker. -
  • Rimmer, Sterk & Jim Congright: The Continental Dime Novel. USA: JCRS, 2006. [www.lulu.com]
  • Pond, Fred E. (1919). Life and Adventures of Ned Buntline. New York: The Camdus Book Shop.
  • Elman, Robert: "Badmen of the West".
  • Hügel, Hans-Otto: Lob des Mainstreams
  • Wanjek, ???: Der German Heftroman Katalog. K. Ganzbiller / Hobby-Nostalgie-Tryck, ????.